Before calculating the water cooling tower, it is necessary to mention design delicacies.
Water cooling towers operate according to a value called wet-bulb temperature.
it is not cost-effective to cool below the wet bulb value. It is possible, but they are not used because their cost is more expensive than alternative cooling methods.
Another value that influences cooling is altitude. The design result will be incorrect if it is not taken into account in the calculations.
Other design factors are the air velocity in the filling and the water load in the filling material.
These two special values closely influence tower performance.
The end result of high air velocity in the stuffing is that when the water transport is observed, if it is small, sufficient heat transfer will not take place.
If the water load in the filling material is too high, sufficient heat transfer will not be possible and if it is low, there will be an inefficient heat transfer.